Kent Archaeological Review extract

Survey of 150 acres in Keston and Farmborough.
by Miss E Mynott.
(West Kent Border Archaeological Group.)

The Group has just completed an intensive three-month survey of some 150 acres of farmland in the Keston and Farnborough areas of the Borough of Bromley. This was part of a much larger programme of work which began in 1960 and has resulted in the discovery of many important new archaeological sites. Its main aim is locate site and to undertake a preliminary examination of these where there is a possibility of a threat. The Bromley area is subject to many new building, road-works and amenity schemes and this work is therefore of paramount importance.

The recent survey was continued each week regardless of weather and more than 30 members took part. The system was to cover every ploughed area on foot with members being spaced at intervals of about 15 feet. In this way some 10 acres could be covered in detail in a single day. Each field was found to contain a large amount of archaeological material though much of this was of very recent date.

Several new sites of pre-Norman date were located. In one field was a heavy concentration of struck flints, including several implements, of Neolithic or Bronze Age date. Another contained a large hearth which was found to contain pottery of late Iron Age date. Another produced Roman-British pottery of 1st century AD date and this must relate to yet another small farmstead. A single sherd of a Samian Form 29 was picked up within 500 yards of this site as was a fragment of a probable Saxon loom-weight. Some 13 coins were found on the surface of the ground and these included a very fine British tin coin of first century AD date; a late-third century radiate of Caurausius (AD 287-293) and 9¾ pence in small change. Experience on other sites suggests that the material found on the surface is usually a very small fraction of what remains buried.

The recent work has stopped as large areas have been sown, but this will resume during the autumn and winter months when several more sites are likely to be found.

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