This article appeared in the Autumn 1967 (Issue #9) edition of the Kent Archaeological Review.
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OLD BAILEY EXTENSION.
An internal turret of the city wall has been found on the Old Bailey Extension site, Warwick Lane. It is the fourth turret to be discovered, but the first in the western part of the city. Bonded into the city wall, and clearly built at the same time, it contained important dating evidence. After it was built, a series of layers of refuse accumulated in the bottom, ranging in date from very early third century at the bottom to about AD 300 at the top. The second layer from the bottom was particularly well dated, containing in addition to a quantity of pottery, five coins, the latest being a denarius of Caracalla, dated AD 213-7, in almost mint condition. It also contained two terra-cotta moulds used by a forger to make false coins -- an interesting find next door to Newgate, where in later times so many coiners spent their last hours! There were impressions of two obverses and one reverse, representing three different coins, all in mint condition -- denarii of Septimius Severus (AD 201-10), Geta (AD 210-12), and Caracalla (AD 215). It is unlikely, therefore, that this layer was deposited much later than about AD 220-30, and this is consistent with the pottery sequence. It seems clear that the city wall had then been in existence for some time.