This article appeared in the Winter 1967 (Issue #10) edition of the Kent Archaeological Review.
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Faversham Archaeological Research Group.
During the past year several discoveries have been made in the Group's area. The finds, which cover a wide period of English history, indicate some of the archaeological potential of the Faversham area.
Nearly all the finds were made while searching building sites and freshly ploughed farm land.
Mesolithic:St Anne's Estate, Faversham. What appears to be a flint blade which had been broken and then used as a scraper, was picked up on this building site.
Neolithic:Ospringe (NGR 59982 16115). Fragmented, unpolished axe. A number of Neolithic implements have been found within about a mile radius of this find spot in the past, but no pottery as yet.
Romano-British:Judd's Hill settlement site: A large quantity of sherds, mainly of the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD but a few of earlier and later date, together with four coins and a piece of pipe-clay figurine have been found on the fields covering this site.
One coin, an antoninianus of Victorius, AD 268-270 (see R.I.C. vi. p. 397. No. 118), was found while digging trial holes (see Kent Archaeological Review, Number 9). The other three coins were found in Stone Chapel Field (NGR 6992, 1612) by Mrs Clinch of Syndale Farm, in whose possession they remain. They are an antoninianus of Allectus AD 293-296 (see R.I.V. vi, p. 561, No. 28), and two contemporary copies of antoninianii of Claudius II AD 268-270 and Carausius AD 287-293. The coins were identified by the British Museum.
The piece of pipe-clay figurine, which was also found in Stone Chapel Field, was identified by Mr Frank Jenkins as part of the wicker-work chair on which sits a mother-goddess holding two infants to her breasts. These figurines. which are known from less than forty sites in Britain, were imported from the continent up to about 200 AD. They are usually associated with shrines and burials.
Chambers Crossing "Villa" (NGR 602090 16143). This "villa" -- was first mentioned in the nineteenth century as being in a bank just north of the railway crossing. A search of the bank revealed a band of compacted chalk about three inches thick and several yards long. Three small pieces of 2nd-3rd century sherds were found in association. Further investigation is required before a definite "diagnosis" can be made about this site.
Medieval:Rear garden of the house on the north corner of Nightingale Road (NGR 60107 16115) contains part of a mortared, flint wall with rammed chalk foundations. No sherds were found and further exploration was not possible because the garden was under cultivation.
Rear garden of 35 Cress Way, Faversham, also contains a mortared flint wall with rammed chalk foundations. A small number of circa 13th century sherds have been found associated with the wall. General digging of this garden has turned up two very small pieces of Samian ware.
The Mall (NGR 60145 16085). Foundation trenches on a building site exposed some 13th/14th century sherds together with a few animal bones and oyster shells.
The Maison Dieu, Ospringe. An electric cable trench dug on the ground at the rear of the eastern undercroft turned up a few 13th/14th century sherds.
Partridge Place, Faversham. Extensive excavations for a new warehouse revealed a series of rubbish and cess pits. The sherds recovered were mainly of 16th and 17th century date.
Examination of air photographs of the Faversham area has revealed about thirty sites worthy of further investigation. enough to keep the Group busy for at least another year.