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Kent Archaeological Review extract

Answers to Quiz Number 5.
by Maurice Godfrey.

  1. The Long Man of Wilmington is a hill-figure. It is the largest human hill carving in Britain and may be the largest in the world. It is in the care of the Sussex Archaeological Trust and the site lies five miles north-west of Eastbourne. The figure, originally cut through the turf, is now partly marked in bricks and stands out on the South Downs which rise to about 700 feet. The figure is human, standing erect, holding a staff in each hand thus resembling a Roman soldier in the classic pose of coins of the fourth century AD. There is also a resemblance to the figure of a man on a gold buckle from Finglesham (see KAR) which was found in a Saxon grave. It is possible that the figure was cut in Saxon times, but the precise origin is not known. The Long Man is certainly an impressive piece of ancient workmanship standing about 230 feet high. Why not go and see him and also visit the equally impressive Wilmington Priory? Part of the nave is built of chalk blocks, including windows and arches, which has endured 800 years. When leaving the Priory gate, turn right and the footpath to the Long Man is on the left side of the road. The walk takes about 15 minutes
  2. Julliberie's grave is an earthen long barrow on the chalk downs at Chilham in Kent. Its present length is 144 feet, width nearly 50 feet and height (at high end) 7 feet. It has not been completely excavated but among the many finds from this barrow was a fine polished flint axe. See the interesting description and drawings in Ronald Jessup's "South East England." Neolithic. About 2500 BC.
  3. Oldbury Hill, Ightham, near Sevenoaks, Kent. 123 acres and nearly two miles in circumference. It dates from about 100 BC. A small amount of excavation was done in 1938. Many sling stones were found and evidence of burning of the North gate. There are also the remains of two rock-shelters on the East side of the fort where several hand axes and flint implements have been found. This fort is easily reached from the Ightham-Seal road. There is car parking space on a wide grass verge and a path which goes through the South gate.
  4. The earliest British coins were made during the Iron Age, probably between 100-50 BC. The metals used were gold, silver, tin and bronze.
  5. It has been suggested that the famous "London Stone" was a Roman Milestone and possibly the central milestone of the Province from which all distances were measured. It certainly stood beside a Roman road. Until 1742 it was on the south side of Cannon Street; from then until 1960 it was built into the south wall of St Swithins. It is still in Cannon Street and may be seen in a niche in the wall of the Bank of China.
  6. A Curtain wall:
    is the length of wall between a castle's fortified towers; in modern use a nonload bearing external wall.
    A Corbel:
    is a stone or timber projection from a wall to provide a horizontal support.
    An Acanthus:
    is a representation of the leaf of a plant used as a decoration, for example in the carving of a corinthian capital.
    was originally a Saxon word for "cross" or "crucifix!" The rood-cross or rood-screen is often seen between the chancel and the nave of a church.
    an upper living-room of a medieval house.
    plasterwork on a wall, mostly external.
    Counterscarp bank:
    a low bank on the outer, downhill edge of a defensive ditch as found in many hill-forts.
    an ornamented watchspout projecting from a roof.
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