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Kent Archaeological Review extract

Answers to Quiz number 6.
by Maurice Godfrey.

  1. Solomon's Thumb, or Baverse's Thumb, is a long barrow, one of the largest -- 200 feet by 60 feet and 7 feet high, at Up Marden, West Sussex. The Mardens, there are four of them, East, West. North and Up, lie to the south of Midhurst in lovely country. North Marden, high up on the Downs, has a tiny Norman church of great beauty.
  2. Greensted Church in Essex. Claimed to be the oldest wooden church in the world! It was altered and extended in the eleventh and sixteenth centuries and much restored in the nineteenth. There is no doubt, however, that the walls of the nave, composed of great oak logs, date back at least to the ninth century. There were originally no windows and scorch marks from the torches used for lighting can clearly 'be seen. The church is beautiful and well cared for. It worth travelling the length of England to see it!
  3. Roman coins were struck at various centres, such as Rome and Lyons. In the third and fourth century there was a mint in London and also in Colchester for a short while and many coins struck in London bear the mark PLON. At Rome the mint was in the temple of Juno Moneta from which the word money is derived.
  4. Flint knapping is still carried on in Norfolk and Suffolk where struck flints are exported for flint-lock guns.
  5. The oldest man-made dwelling in Britain is believed to be the pit-dwelling excavated in 1950 at Abinger Manor, Surrey, dating back to some 3,000 years BC. We should not include rock shelters here, but it is interesting to note that still nearer home the rock shelters at Oldbury Hill, Ightham, Kent, are possibly the earliest dwellings in Britain, inhabited some 120,000 years before Christ.
  6. Pantile:
    A roofing tile, curved to a flat S-shaped section. Mezzanine: A low storey between two higher ones.
    The head or crowning feature of a column.
    Upright timbers in timber-framed structures, earlier often called poncheons.
    Wattling is a row of upright stakes, the spaces between which are filled by interweaving small branches, etc. Used up to and including the Middle Ages; on one or both sides is applied mud, mortar or plaster called daub. These walls required additional support of stouter uprights or studs which also took the weight of roof timbers, etc.
    Projecting upper storey in a timber framed building -- the method of laying joists over the summers (wall-plates, heads or beams) when it was required to extend or jet the upper floor beyond the lower. This jetting which is so picturesque was usually left to the discretion of the builder, but tended to block out sunlight and reduce the strength of the structure.
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