This article appeared in the Spring 1974 (Issue #35) edition of the Kent Archaeological Review.
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Paeolithic Hand-axe from West Wickham.
This roughly pointed hand-axe was found on the surface of a field on Wickham Court Farm, West Wickham by Mr C Pallant in 1972. It is somewhat crudely worked with large shallow flakes and is white patinated with iron staining and glimpses of underlying blue flint.
It is a later type than Clactonian artefacts and is possibly of the early Acheulean type associated with the 100-foot terrace at Boyne Hill and Swanscombe, though most of the land at Wickham Court Farm is considerably higher. The Acheulean type has many forms and can be either bifacial or core-tool industry. The implement under discussion could be either. It was probably the first standardised implement for general purposes, especially cutting and scraping. Many of them are indistinguishable, except for the type of stone, wherever in the many parts of the world they are found and they are attributable, approximately, to 250,000-180,000 BC. This axe has kindly been drawn by Mr A E Benningfield.