Kent Archaeological Review extract

Paleolithic Hand Axe from Finglesham, Kent.
by John Gaunt.

A rare and interesting chance find was recently made by Mrs Margaret Stead of Finglesham Farm, near Eastry as she walked across a field near her home. Lying on the surface of the ground was the illustrated flint hand axe which Mrs Stead fortunately recognised and took home. Being a Friend of CKA and therefore well aware that the 'find' might be of interest to her local archaeological group, she contacted me and within two days a thorough survey of the field was carried out with the help of Messrs Keith Parfitt, Peter Shore and Doug Crellin.

Initially about 120 flints were recovered and then a more careful examination whittled the total down to 51. This number comprised 11 knives and blades, 13 scrapers, 21 hammerstones and 6 potboilers. The axe is large and basically triangular in plan. It has a sharp, narrow point, a broad, flat butt and is thickened in section. It is crudely flaked and heavily patinated white. It is damaged near the point and the only original cortex is on the butt. Whilst clearly a Paleolithic axe, readers are invited to write their views on its classification. A similar axe found in the middle gravels at Swanscombe was given a Mindel-Riss Interglacial period date or 'Middle Acheulian'. Its weight is 1 pound 8 ounces, length is 18.4 centimetres, breadth 9.3 centimetres and the thickness 4.4 centimetres.

All the flints were surface finds at NGR TR 35 332541 on the crest of a small hill. Mrs Stead has very kindly suggested that the Dover Archaeological Group carries out field surveys over the entire extent of the farmland. The hand axe remains in her possession.

DRAWING: Paleolithic hand axe from Finglesham.

Drawing of Paleolithic hand axe from Finglesham.

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