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Kent Archaeological Review extract

Romano-British Farmstead at Twitton near Otford.
by Anthoney Young.
(Otford Historical Society.)

Reports of the discovery of a "Roman road" between Twitton and Otford in 1927 led to further investigations, on and off, for the next ten years; these were recorded in A.C. XLVI and XLIX. The operations seemed to have been rather haphazard and the final report reached no satisfactory conclusion beyond suggesting age existence of a "settlement" of first-third centuries AD.

In April this year test-holes were opened and a series of rubbish pits revealed, which clearly dated the site to AD 60-100.

So far over 1,000 sherds have been recovered. A large number are of the "Patch Grove" type but there are other more Romanised harder wares, and a comparatively high proportion of Gallo-belgic and Samian fragments. One pit seems to be rather later in date than the others and contains a small proportion of the soft local pottery.

Other finds include a bronze brooch, of the Colchester BB type with traces of silver; fragments of the spring and pin of a second similar brooch and a Greek provincial silver coin of the Emperor Nero (AD 54-68). No sign of a building has been found and the ditches are yet to be traced; but a hearth has been discovered some 50 feet from the main rubbish pit.

At the end of the season a small cemetery was discovered, by chance, some 400 yards from the site. A number of pots were found in a reasonable condition, though some had been severely damaged by deep ploughing. These included three samian bowls, each with potters' marks. It is not possible to say more about this development at present. No doubt another season will add further information.

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